For the first time it was demonstrated that an osteoinductive calcium phosphate-based putty is effective in the restoration of complex maxillofacial defects. In these defects, adequate mechanical confinement by multiple bony walls and osteoconduction from multiple surfaces are usually lacking. This study compares the efficacy of a microstructured beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) putty with autologous bone for the repair of alveolar cleft defects. A total of 10 Dutch milk goats were operated on in a split-mouth study design in which two-wall bony alveolar clefts were created and successively repaired with autologous bone (the gold standard) at one side and β-TCP putty at the other. After 24 weeks of implantation, histomorphometric and micro-computer tomography analyses proved that the β-TCP putty group showed equal bone quality and volume to clefts reconstructed with autologous bone. In addition, surgical handling of the putty is superior to the use of calcium phosphates in a granular form. Therefore, the results of this study open a clear trajectory for the clinical use of β-TCP putty in the reconstruction of the alveolar cleft and other challenging two-wall bony defects.
Full Access Link: Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal