In Situ Remodeling Overrules Bioinspired Scaffold Architecture of Supramolecular Elastomeric Tissue-Engineered Heart Valves
Published: December 2020
In situ tissue engineering that uses resorbable synthetic heart valve scaffolds is an affordable and practical approach for heart valve replacement; therefore, it is attractive for clinical use. This study showed no consistent collagen organization in the predefined direction of electrospun scaffolds made from a resorbable supramolecular elastomer with random or circumferentially aligned fibers, after 12 months of implantation in sheep. These unexpected findings and the observed intervalvular variability highlight the need for a mechanistic understanding of the long-term in situ remodeling processes in large animal models to improve predictability of outcome toward robust and safe clinical application.
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