Published: January-December 2023
Microbiome is an integral part of the gut and is essential for its proper function. Imbalances of the microbiota can be devastating and have been linked with several gastrointestinal conditions. Current gastrointestinal models do not fully reflect the in vivo situation. Thus, it is important to establish more advanced in vitro models to study host-microbiome/pathogen interactions. Here, we developed for the first time an apical-out human small intestinal organoid model in hypoxia, where the apical surface is directly accessible and exposed to a hypoxic environment. These organoids mimic the intestinal cell composition, structure and functions and provide easy access to the apical surface. Co-cultures with the anaerobic strains Lactobacillus casei and Bifidobacterium longum showed successful colonization and probiotic benefits on the organoids. These novel hypoxia-tolerant apical-out small intestinal organoids will pave the way for unraveling unknown mechanisms related to host-microbiome interactions and serve as a tool to develop microbiome-related probiotics and therapeutics.
Full Access Link: Journal of Tissue Engineering