Hyperthermia-Triggered On-Demand Biomimetic Nanocarriers for Synergetic Photothermal and Chemotherapy
Nanoparticle‐based drug delivery systems with low side effects and enhanced efficacy hold great potential in the treatment of various malignancies, in particular cancer; however, they are still challenging to attain. Herein, an anticancer drug delivery system based on a cisplatin (CDDP) containing nanogel, functionalized with photothermal gold nanorods (GNRs) which are electrostatically decorated with doxorubicin (DOX) is reported. The nanoparticles are formed via the crosslinking reaction of hyaluronic acid with the ancillary anticarcinogen CDDP in the presence of DOX‐decorated GNRs. The nanogel is furthermore cloaked with a cancer cell membrane, and the resulting biomimetic nanocarrier (4T1‐HANG‐GNR‐DC) shows efficient accumulation by homologous tumor targeting and possesses long‐time retention in the tumor microenvironment. Upon near‐infrared (NIR) laser irradiation, in situ photothermal therapy is conducted which further induces hyperthermia‐triggered on‐demand drug release from the nanogel reservoir to achieve a synergistic photothermal/chemo‐therapy. The as‐developed biomimetic nanocarriers, with their dual‐drug delivery features, homotypic tumor targeting and synergetic photothermal/chemo‐therapy, show much promise as a potential platform for cancer treatment.
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