Global longitudinal strain to predict left ventricular dysfunction in asymptomatic patients with severe mitral valve regurgitation: literature review
The optimal treatment strategy for asymptomatic patients with severe mitral valve regurgitation (MR) and preserved left ventricular (LV) function is challenging. This manuscript reviews the available literature on the value of left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS) in predicting LV dysfunction after mitral valve surgery in these patients and discusses its current place in the treatment strategy. Studies were identified from Cochrane Library, SCOPUS, PubMed and Web of Science up to February 2018. The domain used was MR. The determinant was LV-GLS; other methods of deformation imaging were excluded. The examined outcome was LV dysfunction after surgery. A total of 144 articles were retrieved, of which 11 publications met the inclusion criteria, including a total of 2415 patients. Ten studies showed a significant correlation between preoperative LV-GLS and LV dysfunction postoperatively; one study reported a negative correlation. These studies suggest that LV-GLS is a predictor of LV dysfunction after surgery in asymptomatic patients with chronic MR. Hence, incorporation of LV-GLS for clinical decision-making in these patients might be of additional value. Further research is needed to confirm the role of LV-GLS in postoperative patients, and additionally in asymptomatic MR patients during a ‘watchful waiting’ strategy.
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