Establishment and Culture of Human Intestinal Organoids Derived from Adult Stem Cells

Cayetano Pleguezuelos‐Manzano, Jens Puschhof, Stieneke van den Brink, Veerle Geurts, Joep Beumer, Hans Clevers

Published: 1 September 2020


Human intestinal organoids derived from adult stem cells are miniature ex vivo versions of the human intestinal epithelium. Intestinal organoids are useful tools for the study of intestinal physiology as well as many disease conditions. These organoids present numerous advantages compared to immortalized cell lines, but working with them requires dedicated techniques. The protocols described in this article provide a basic guide to establishment and maintenance of human intestinal organoids derived from small intestine and colon biopsies. Additionally, this article provides an overview of several downstream applications of human intestinal organoids. © 2020 The Authors.

Basic Protocol 1: Establishment of human small intestine and colon organoid cultures from fresh biopsies

Basic Protocol 2: Mechanical splitting, passage, and expansion of human intestinal organoids

Alternate Protocol: Differentiation of human intestinal organoids

Basic Protocol 3: Cryopreservation and thawing of human intestinal organoids

Basic Protocol 4: Immunofluorescence staining of human intestinal organoids

Basic Protocol 5: Generation of single‐cell clonal intestinal organoid cultures

Support Protocol 1: Production of Wnt3A conditioned medium

Support Protocol 2: Production of Rspo1 conditioned medium

Support Protocol 3: Extraction of RNA from intestinal organoid cultures

Full Access Link: Current Protocols in Immunology