Differential effects of renin-angiotensine-aldosteron system inhibition, sympathoinhibition and low sodium diet on blood pressure in women with a history of preeclampsia: A double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over trial (the PALM study)

Gerbrand A Zoet, Nina D Paauw, Jan H W Veerbeek, T Katrien J Groenhof, Wilko Spiering, Marianne C Verhaar, A Franx, A Titia Lely

Published: March 2022


Current guidelines lack sufficient evidence to recommend a specific blood pressure lowering strategy to prevent cardiovascular disease after preeclampsia. We conducted a double-blind cross-over trial to identify the most potent antihypertensive strategy: renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibition (losartan), sympathoinhibition (moxonidine), low sodium diet and placebo (n = 10). Due to low inclusion rate our study stopped prematurely. Initiatory analyses showed no significant effect of antihypertensive strategy on office blood pressure and 24-hour blood pressure. However, nocturnal dipping was significantly higher on RAAS inhibition and low sodium diet compared to placebo and sympathoinhibition. Optimal cardiovascular prevention after preeclampsia should be further explored.

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