Understanding cardiovascular growth and remodeling (G&R) is fundamental for designing robust cardiovascular tissue engineering strategies, which enable synthetic or biological scaffolds to transform into healthy living tissues after implantation. Computational modeling, particularly when integrated with experimental research, is key for advancing our understanding, predicting the in vivo evolution of engineered tissues, and efficiently optimizing scaffold designs. As cells are ultimately the drivers of G&R and known to change their behavior in response to mechanical cues, increasing efforts are currently undertaken to capture (mechano-mediated) cell behavior in computational models. In this selective review, we highlight some recent examples that are relevant in the context of cardiovascular tissue engineering and discuss the current and future biological and computational challenges for modeling cell-mediated G&R.
Full Access Link: Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering