Cold Oxygenated Machine Perfusion Improves Functional Survival of Slaughterhouse Porcine Hearts

Selma E Kaffka Genaamd Dengler 1, Mudit Mishra 1 2, Sjoerd van Tuijl 3, Saskia C A de Jager 2, Joost P G Sluijter 2, Pieter A Doevendans 4 5, Niels P van der Kaaij 1

Published: 1 August 2023

The aim of our study was to explore the effect of cold oxygenated machine perfusion in slaughterhouse porcine hearts on functional myocardial survival compared to static cold storage (SCS). Seventeen hearts were harvested from Dutch Landrace Hybrid pigs, which were sacrificed for human consumption and randomly assigned to the 4 hours SCS group (N = 10) or the 4 hours cold oxygenated machine perfusion group (N = 7). Hearts were perfused with a homemade Heart Solution with a perfusion pressure of 20–25 mm Hg to achieve a coronary flow between 100 and 200 ml/minute. After 4 hours of preservation, all hearts were functionally assessed during 4 hours on a normothermic, oxygenated diluted whole blood (1:2) loaded heart model. Survival was defined by a cardiac output above 3 L with a mean aortic pressure above 60 mm Hg. Survival was significantly better in the cold oxygenated machine perfusion group, where 100% of the hearts reached the 4 hours end-point, as compared with 30% in the SCS group (p = 0.006). Interestingly, warm ischemic time was inversely related to survival in the SCS group with a correlation coefficient of −0.754 (p = 0.012). Cold oxygenated machine perfusion improves survival of the slaughterhouse porcine heart.

Full Access Link: ASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs : 1992)