Building consensus on definition and nomenclature of hepatic, pancreatic, and biliary organoids

Ary Marsee, Floris J M Roos, Monique M A Verstegen, HPB Organoid Consortium; Helmuth Gehart, Eelco de Koning, Frédéric Lemaigre, Stuart J Forbes, Weng Chuan Peng, Meritxell Huch, Takanori Takebe, Ludovic Vallier, Hans Clevers, Luc J W van der Laan, Bart Spee

Published: 6 May 2021


Hepatic, pancreatic, and biliary (HPB) organoids are powerful tools for studying development, disease, and regeneration. As organoid research expands, the need for clear definitions and nomenclature describing these systems also grows. To facilitate scientific communication and consistent interpretation, we revisit the concept of an organoid and introduce an intuitive classification system and nomenclature for describing these 3D structures through the consensus of experts in the field. To promote the standardization and validation of HPB organoids, we propose guidelines for establishing, characterizing, and benchmarking future systems. Finally, we address some of the major challenges to the clinical application of organoids.

Full Access Link: Cell Stem Cell