3D extrusion bioprinting

Yu Shrike Zhang, Ghazaleh Haghiashtiani, Tania Hübscher, Daniel J. Kelly, Jia Min Lee, Matthias Lutolf, Michael C. McAlpine, Wai Yee Yeong, Marcy Zenobi-Wong & Jos Malda

Published: December 2021


Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting strategies use computer-aided processes to enable automated simultaneous spatial patterning of cells and/or biomaterials. These technologies are suitable for a broad range of biomedical applications owing to their capability to produce structurally sophisticated and functionally relevant tissue constructs. Extrusion-based 3D bioprinting strategies were among the first modalities developed and are now arguably the most widely used for producing 3D tissue constructs. These technologies have rapidly evolved over the past two decades, providing a powerful tool set for the biofabrication of tissues that can facilitate translational efforts in the field. In this Primer, we describe the methodology of 3D extrusion bioprinting, focusing on the selection of hardware, software and bioinks. We expand upon recent advances in 3D extrusion bioprinting by illustrating the key variations that promote its biofabrication abilities. Finally, we provide an outlook on possible future refinements of the technology.

Full Access Link: Nature Reviews Methods Primers